Failure: Ontario’s Record on Protecting Species at Risk

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The Auditor General of Ontario’s report, Protecting and Recovering Species at Risk, is not reading for the faint of heart. Released on November 22, 2021 the audit sets out in excruciating detail the Government of Ontario’s abject failure to exercise its duty to protect the province’s most vulnerable plants and animals.

Urban sprawl, Brampton
Urban sprawl, Brampton © Samuel Bietenholtz CC BY-NC 2.0

The review spans the government’s record on implementing the Endangered Species Act, 2007 (ESA) since 2009. The unwillingness of those responsible to uphold the purpose and intent of the law – to protect and recover species at risk – is scandalous. Faced with an accelerating, worldwide extinction crisis, our government has chosen at every turn to unravel protections for species at risk, as exemplified most starkly with its devastating amendments to the ESA in 2019.

Below are the ten findings that disturb me most, admittedly only a partial accounting of the fiasco revealed by the Auditor General.

Boreal caribou, Threatened (Species at Risk in Ontario)
Boreal caribou, Threatened (Species at Risk in Ontario) © Bubba55 CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
  1. The number of authorizations (permits, agreements, conditional exemptions) for harmful activities has increased by 6,262 percent – from 13 authorizations in 2009 to over 800 per year since 2017.
  2. The government has never denied an application to harm a species at risk or its habitat.
  3. The government has never conducted inspections of authorized harmful activities to ensure compliance with the rules. That’s 6,539 agreements, permits and conditional exemptions with no government oversight of what is happening on the ground.
  4. The government does not consider the cumulative effect of all its separate authorizations for harmful activities. For example, Blanding’s turtle has been subject to 1,403 separate approvals for harmful activities, all issued without any consideration of the overall impact on the species.
  5. Enforcement of the law is minimal. The number of charges laid under the ESA has declined dramatically since 2018, with no fines and no charges laid in 2020.
  6. The government has no long-term strategic plan to improve the status of species at risk in Ontario – no priorities, no timelines, no planned actions and no performance measures to evaluate effectiveness.
  7. Forestry’s permanent exemption from ESA requirements leaves 12 endangered or threatened species – including boreal caribou, American ginseng and wood turtle, exposed to significant adverse effects.
  8. Government funding for stewardship activities has declined by 10 percent since 2017 even though the number of species at risk has risen by 22 percent.
  9. The Species at Risk Program Advisory Committee, advising the Minister on implementation of the ESA, is currently stacked with industry representatives (10 of 15 members). None of its reports are publicly available.
  10. The Ministry of Environment, Conservation and Parks, responsible for implementing the ESA has no plan to fundamentally change its ways in light of the audit findings. Only six of the ministry’s 21 responses to the audit recommendations were deemed to be “sufficient” by the Auditor General (see Appendix 1 of the audit). For example, the ministry would not agree to developing transparent and accountable procedures for appointing new members to the Committee on the Status of Species at Risk in Ontario which determines species listings.
Eastern foxsnake on road, Endangered (Species at Risk in Ontario)
Eastern foxsnake on road, Endangered (Species at Risk in Ontario) © Joe Crowley

Where does this abdication of responsibility leave us? With a duty to speak up. Please join Ontario Nature in demanding better of our political leaders.

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